Understanding Periodontal Disease

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Periodontal disease, often referred to as gum disease, occurs because plaque and tarter are allowed to buildup on the teeth. Plaque contains a potent bacterium that infects the oral tissues, and, over time, seeps into the tooth roots and oral bones. As this condition progresses, the symptoms worsen and it becomes harder to restore your smile. For these reasons, you should see your general dentist at the first signs of periodontal disease.

  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and it is often characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed after flossing or probing. Persistent bad breath and slight tooth discoloration are also signs of gingivitis. When you experience these symptoms, you should schedule a dental checkup and cleaning so that you can prevent the worsening of the gum disease. As the first stage of gum disease, gingivitis presents the least damaging symptoms. If you’re not brushing properly, flossing daily, or visiting your dentist regularly, you’re at risk of developing gingivitis. If you don’t get treatment early, you could experience more severe forms of gum disease. 
  • Moderate Periodontitis: As gingivitis persists, moderate periodontitis develops, causing gum recession. At this stage, your gums will bleed frequently and they will be more tender and inflamed. As the bacteria causing the gum disease spreads, you will start to lose oral bone density, which could lead to slight tooth mobility.   
  • Advanced Periodontitis: If your gum disease continues to worsen, your gums will recede ever further until your teeth appear longer and severely discolored. At this stage, you may have lost several teeth due to widespread oral bone loss and major oral tissue recession. Eating solids foods will be difficult and uncomfortable, and it will be nearly impossible to salvage the smile, so be sure to undergo gum disease treatment before you enter moderate or advanced periodontitis.

If you’re experiencing early signs of gum disease, don’t wait to call Oak Creek Dental Care. We offer comprehensive periodontal treatment and preventative dentistry to help you restore your smile and stave off future infection. To schedule your appointment, call us at (614) 882-5525 today.

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Oak Creek Dental Care
Columbus Dentist
Located at 6865 Oak Creek Drive
Columbus, OH 43229
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